Grades 1 & 2 Curriculum

1st Grade Curriculum

By the end of 1st grade, students will be able to:

Reading:       

  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a story
  • Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson
  • Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story using key details
  • Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings
  • Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text
  • Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information
  • Use illustrations and details in a story to describe it’s characters, setting, or events
  • Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories
  • With prompting and support, read literature of appropriate complexity for grade 1
  • Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print: recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (first word, capitalization, ending punctuation)
  • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words
  • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds
  • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds in single-syllable words
  • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds
  • Listen attentively during story time
  • Make predictions

Phonics and Word Recognition:

  • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for digraphs (-th, –ch, –sh, –wh, –ng, –gh)
  • Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words
  • Know final –e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds
  • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word
  • Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables
  • Read words with inflectional endings (ex: darker; darkest)
  • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words (high frequency words/word wall words/sight words)
  • Read on-level text with purpose and understanding
  • Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression
  • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary
  • Engage in independent reading
  • Sound out words/apply phonics skills to words
  • Decode short vowel and long vowel words
  • Identify rhyming words/word families

Grammar/Writing:

  • Write opinion pieces
  • Write informative/explanatory texts
  • Write narratives
  • With guidance and support, focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as needed
  • Participate in shared research and writing projects (explore many “how-to” books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions)
  • Apply punctuation in writing
  • Apply spelling rules in writing
  • Print all upper and lowercase letters
  • Use and identify parts of speech
  • Produce complete sentences
  • Apply beginning proofreading skills in writing
  • Spell untaught words phonetically

Religion: The following will be covered:

  • Understand that God created the world and all people
  • Understand that God sent Jesus, his own son, to us
  • Know the Three Persons of the Blessed Trinity
  • Understand that Jesus grew up as part of a family
  • Learn that Jesus worked among the people, sharing God’s love
  • Learn how Jesus wants us to live our daily lives
  • Discover what Jesus taught his followers
  • Understand Jesus died and rose to new life
  • Learn that Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to his followers
  • Learn how the Holy Spirit helps the Church to grow
  • Understand that Jesus appointed the Apostles to care for the Church
  • Know that the pope and bishops care for the Church
  • Learn about Advent and Christmas
  • Learn about our parish community
  • Learn about the Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church
  • Learn about Lent, Triduum, and Easter
  • Learn how to love and serve
  • Learn how we can honor Mary and the saints

Social Studies:

  • Identify the days, weeks, and months of the year
  • Compare life today to life of the past
  • Identify celebrated people or events
  • Distinguish between landmass, bodies of water, maps and globes
  • Identify rules in school
  • Give examples of authority figures
  • Identify some symbols of the United States of America
  • Describe responsibilities
  • Understand the differences between goods and services

Science:

  • Demonstrate the ability to sort objects according to observable attributes such as color, shape, size, sinking or floating
  • Demonstrate that water as a solid keeps its own shape
  • Demonstrate that water as a liquid takes on the shape of various containers
  • Identify materials that are attracted by magnets
  • Observe that like poles of a magnet repel and unlike poles of a magnet attract
  • Identify the needs of animals
  • Describe the life cycle of some animals
  • Identify characteristics that are passed on from parents to young
  • Classify young animals (dogs/puppies, cows/calves, etc.)
  • Identify the sun as the most important source of heat which warms the land, air and water of the Earth
  • Demonstrate the importance of sunlight and warmth in plant growth
  • Describe and compare weather related to the four seasons
  • Describe severe weather characteristics
  • Describe precautions that should be taken for human safety during severe weather conditions
  • Identify the tools that might be used to measure temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, and wind
  • Observe and collect data of weather conditions over a period of time

Math:

  • Add and subtract within 20
  • Represent and solve story/word problems involving adding and subtracting
  • Work with addition and subtraction equations
  • Count, read and write numerals 0-120
  • Extend the counting sequence from any given number between 0-120
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract
  • Add within 100
  • Mentally find 10 more or 10 less than a given number
  • Measure lengths
  • Tell and write time to the hour and half hour using analog and digital clocks
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Reason with shapes and their attributes
  • Know fractions: ½ and ¼

 

2nd Grade Curriculum

By the end of 2nd grade, students will be able to:

Reading:       

  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a story (who, what, where, when and why)
  • Retell stories, including fables and folktales, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson
  • Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges
  • Describe how words and phrases (rhymes, repeated lines in a poem, etc.) give rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song
  • Describe the overall structure of a story – how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action
  • Acknowledge the differences in characters, including speaking in a different voice for each character when reading aloud
  • Use illustrations and details in a story to describe characters, setting, or plot
  • Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors
  • Read and comprehend literature in the 2nd-3rd grade complexity

Phonics and Word Recognition:

  • Distinguish long and short vowels when reading one-syllable words
  • Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels
  • Know spelling for common vowel teams
  • Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes
  • Read grade level irregularly spelled words (high frequency words/word wall words/sight words)
  • Read on-level text with understanding (lexile level 450-790)
  • Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate speed and expression
  • Self-correct when reading

Grammar/Writing:

  • Write opinion pieces
  • Write informative/explanatory texts
  • Write narratives: recount an event or short sequence of events (include details to describe actions, thoughts and feeling, use temporal words, provide a closing statement)
  • With guidance and support, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by editing and revising
  • Participate in a shared research and writing project; read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report
  • Apply punctuation in writing
  • Apply spelling rules in writing
  • Print all upper and lowercase letters
  • Introduction to cursive writing
  • Use and identify parts of speech
  • Produce complete sentences within paragraphs
  • Apply beginning proofreading skills in writing

Religion: The following will be covered:

  • How God the Father sent his Son, Jesus, to be with us
  • Jesus is God’s greatest gift
  • The work of Jesus and the beginning of the Church
  • Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church
  • Ways to worship God
  • God’s Word is written in the Bible
  • Ten Commandments
  • Free will, sin, and god’s loving forgiveness
  • How to celebrate the Sacrament of Reconciliation
  • Seasons of the liturgical year
  • The Mass is both a sacrifice and a meal
  • At Mass we are united to Jesus Christ and to one another
  • The importance of the Liturgy of the Word in the celebration of the Mass
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • How to celebrate the Sacrament of the Eucharist
  • Ways to continue the celebration of the Eucharist in our lives
  • How we are called to love and serve
  • How to honor Mary and the saints
  • Learn about Advent
  • Learn about Christmas
  • Learn about Lent
  • Learn about Triduum
  • Learn how to love and serve
  • Learn how we can honor Mary and the saints
  • Learn about Easter

Social Studies:

  • Distinguish among years and decades
  • Create a timeline
  • Describe changes over time
  • Use symbols, scales, and legends on a map
  • Identify and compare human and natural characteristics on a map
  • Describe location using a map
  • Describe directions on a map
  • Describe and understand the differences between goods and services
  • Identify government services
  • Describe the difference between personal responsibility and civic responsibility
  • Identify celebrated people or events
  • Identify rules in school
  • Give examples of authority figures
  • Identify some symbols of the United States of America
  • Describe the major landforms of the surface of the Earth (mountains, plains, valleys, plateaus, and hills)

Science:

  • Demonstrate the ability to sort objects according to observable attributes such as color, shape, size, texture, etc.
  • Measure the length of objects using rulers and meter sticks
  • Measure the volume of liquids using common measuring tools
  • Compare the weight of objects using a balance
  • Recognize that some things are composed of a single substance and others are composed of more than one substance
  • Identify the needs of plants and their characteristics
  • Describe the life cycle of flowering plants (seed, plant, flower, fruit, seed)
  • Identify water sources (wells, springs, lakes, rivers, and oceans)
  • Identify household uses of water
  • Describe the properties of water as a liquid, solid, and gas

Math:

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve one and two step story problems
  • Fluently add and subtract within 100
  • Add and subtract within 1000
  • Memorize all sums of two one-digit numbers
  • Identify numbers as odd or even
  • Count within 1000
  • Read and write numbers to 1000 using numbers, number names and expanded form
  • Count by 2s, 5s, 10s and 100s
  • Compare three-digit numbers using the greater than, less than, and equal symbol
  • Mentally add or subtract ten or one hundred to a given number
  • Demonstrate a beginning understanding of the concept of multiplication
  • Understand place value to 1000
  • Measure and estimate lengths
  • Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.
  • Identify, count and add money
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Recognize and draw shapes
  • Identify fractions –1/2, 1/3, 1/4